Self-Actualization of the Main Characters in Ford County, by Grisham

Dhina Melinda, Emzir Emzir, Sabarti Akhadiah

Abstract


This research aimed to obtain a deep depiction of self-actualization on the main character in Ford County the stories written by Grisham This research is a study of the psychology of literature, which is analyzed objectively by using the psychological theory of humanistic. The research refers to the combination between motivation theory of Maslow especially in Hierarchy of human needs and the concept of self-actualization by Rogers. In data analysis techniques, qualitative data in the form of expressions, utterances and occasions are needed through the content analysis method and analyzed through a structural literature approach based on the concept of literary theory. The focus of the study is self-actualization of the main characters, which can be observed from the seven short stories of Ford County. The focus of the study then would be divided into sub-focuses, which tends to the hierarchy of human needs, they are physiological needs, safety needs, love needs, self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. Another sub-focus is the concept of self-actualization’s achievement in forms of openness for experience, personal existence, strong belief, freedom, and creativity. The result of the research indicates that the main characters of the stories like Rogers, in Blood Drive, and Mack in Fish Files have D-Motivation in their Self-Actualization. Then the main characters of the stories like Raymond in Fetching Raymond, Sidney in Casino, Stanley in Michael Room, Gilbert in Quite Heaven and in Adrian Funny Boy, reflects B-Motivation in their own self-actualization.

Keywords


Self-Actualization; Humanistic Theory; Maslow; Rogers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman. (2003). Pendekatan Psikologi dalam Penelitian Sastra. Jakarta. Unpublished.

Alwisol. (2004). Psikologi Kepribadian. Malang: UMM Press.

Barnet, S. (1967). An Introduction to Literature. Boston: Little Brown and Company.

Feist Jess and Gregory. (2009). Theories of Personality. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Grisham, J. (2009). Ford County. New York: Belfry Holding Inc.

Luxemburg, Jan Van., and Mieke Bal, Willem G.Weststeijn. (1986). Pengantar Ilmu Sastra. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper.

Nugiantoro, B. (1981). Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada Universitu Press.

Rogers, C. (1962). Toward Becoming a Fully-Functioning Person. New York: Springer Publishing Company Inc.

Suryabrata, S. (1983). Psikologi Kepribadian. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Teeuw, A. (2015). Sastra dan Ilmu Sastra, Pengantar Teori Sastra. Bandung: Pustaka Jaya.

Thorne, B. (2003). Carl Rogers. Great Britain: International Ltd, Radstow, Cornwall.

Tuloli, N. (2000). Kajian Sastra. Gorontalo: BMT Nurul Jannah.

Wellek, R. (1989). Teori Kesusastraan. Jakarta: Gramedia, Pustaka Utama.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v4i1.989

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

Editor in Chief: jetl@journal.stkipsingkawang.ac.id / Wa: +6282142072788

Coordinator: lp2jistkipsingkawang@gmail.com / journal@stkipsingkawang.ac.id / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools

     

JETL Indexed by:

 

 

  Creative Commons License

Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.