Critical Discourse Analysis 0n Ideology 0f Feminism in Nawāl Al-Sa’adāwi’s Mudzakkirāt Thobībah

Karlina Helmanita, Emzir Emzir, Zainal Rafli

Abstract


The aim of this research is to carry out a critical discourse analysis on the ideology of feminism  in the novel  Mudzakkirāt Thobībah by Nawāl Al-Sa’adāwī, through linguistic feature in the symbol of sound, vocabulary and text structure or the dialog contained in the novel. This research utilizes qualitative approach with content analysis method of Philipp Mayring. Data is collected by way of reading the novel, identifying, marking, classifying and interpreting meaning. The findings are 1) patriarchal sound symbols because of the existence of  non (nir)-sound in Nawāl Al-Sa’adāwī’s Mudzakkirāt Thobībah linguistic feature. They can be identified as patriarchal because the text is commonly read by men due to minimum access of education for women. Women are illiterate and experience oppression in education. There is almost no information about women figure that become a linguist, scientists and including female scholars. 2) the inequality of antonym and synonym. The word relation and series word by word (word) is ideologically unequal. The words that are used for women are not culturally conditioned as a partner to men. 3) The hegemony of power in the structure of texts in the form of dialog among the characters. In the texts the harmonious and disharmonious dialogs are reciprocal. From the result of this research, the researchers recommend a newly designed curriculum for education to carry out advocacy for the awareness linguistic feminist education with the character of the East and Indonesia.

Keywords


Ideology of feminism, sound symbol, sound, antonym-synonym, structure texts, Mudzakkirāt Thobībah

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. A. Hidayatullah, “Claims to the Sacred”. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion , Vol. No. 2, Fall 2016.

A. A. Hidayatullah, “Feminist Interpretation of the Qur’an in A Comparative Feminist Setting”, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion (JFSR), Vol. 30, No. 2, 2014.

A. A. Hidayatullah, “Muslim Feminist Birthdays”. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 27, No. 1, Spring 2011.

A. A. Hidayatullah, “Inspiration and Struggle: Muslim Feminist Theology and the Work of Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza”, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 25, No. 1, Spring 2009.

A. Chaedar Alwasilah. Pokoknya Kualitatif: Dasar-dasar Merancang dan Melakukan Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 2009.

Ā. Khalaf. Ashwāt Al-Lughah Al-‘Arabiyyah, Kairo: Maktabah al-Ādāb, 1994.

B. Ashcroh,, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, Menelanjangi Kuasa Bahasa: Teori dan Praktik Sastra Postkolonial, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Qalam, 2003.

C. Holes, Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions and Varieties. London and New York: Longman, 1995.

D. Cameron, “Gender and Language Ideologies”, Janet Holmes and Miriam Meyerhoff, The Handbook of Language and Gender,Victoria: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

D. Cameron. Gender, Language, and Discourse: A Review Essay Author(s): Source: Signs, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Summer, 1998), pp. 945-973 Published by: The University of Chicago Press.

D. Cameron.Is There an Anglo-American Feminist Linguistics? Author(s): Source: Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Autumn, 1993)

E. Pritchard. “JFSR : A Dissenting View”. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 25, No. 1, Spring 2009.

F. Suyoufie. “The Appropriation of tradition is Selected Works of Contemporary Arab Women Writers”, Journal of Arabic Literature, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2008.

F. Lionnet, “Languages, Literatures, Pedagogies: The MLA, Africa, and Diaspora Studies”, Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2013.

J. Coates, “Feminist Future and Linguistics”, Hungarian Journal of English and American Studies (HJEAS), Vol. 4, No. 1/2, 1998.

M. Badran,”Between Secular and Islamic Feminism/s: Reflections on the Middle East and Beyond”, Journal of Middle East Women's Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, Winter, 2005.

M. Foucault. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977. New York: Pantheon Books, 1977.

M. Hasan Hasan Jabal. Al-Mukhtashar fī Ashwāt Al-Lughāh Al-‘Arabiyyah. Kairo: Maktabah Al-Adāb, 2006.

M. Sa’ad Muhammad. Fī ‘Ilm Ad-Dilālah. Kairo: Maktabah Zaharā’ Asy-Syarq, 2002.

N. Fairclough, Media Discourse: Voices. New York: St. Martin’s Press Inc, 1995.

N. Fairclough, Language and Power, Harlow: Pearson Education Limited, 2001.

N. Faiclough, “Discourse and Text: Linguistic and Intertextual Analysis within Discourse Analysis”, Discourse & Society, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1992.

N. Fairclough, “The Language of Critical Discourse Analysis: Reply to Michael Billig”, Discourse & Society , Vol. 19, No. 6 (November 2008), hh. 811-819.

N. Fairclough, “Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

N. Al-Sa’adāwī,. Mudzakkirāt Thobībah, Kairo: Maktabah Madbūlī, 2006.

L. Althusser. Tentang Ideologis:Marxisme Strukturalisme, Psikoanalisis, Culturak Studies. Yogyakarta: Jatayu, 1984.

P.Mayring, “Qualitative Content Analyis”, Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum Qualitative Social Research, volume 1, No. 2, Art. 20-June 2000 dalam http:www. Qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1089/2385%3E, (diakses Rabu 27 Januari, 2016.

J. Lohfert Jørgensen, “Literature”, The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies, Vol. 70, 2008.

J. Blommaert and Chris Bulcaen,”Critical Discourse Analysis”, Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 29 , 2000.

J. W. Creswell. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. New Jersey: Pearson MerillPrenice Hall, 2008.

F. Seedat Islam, “Feminism, and Islamic Feminism: Between Inadequacy and Inevitability”’ Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Fall 2013), pp. 25-45

R. Figuera, “Convention, Context, and Critical Discourse Analysis “Jim the Boatman” (1846) and the Early Fiction of Trinidad”, NWIG: New West Indian Guide/Nieuwe West-Indische Gids, Vol. 84, No.3/4, 2010.

R. Panca Pertiwi Hidayati, “Improving Students’ Argumentation Style Ability in Writing Essay through Discourse Analysis Model Critical Thinking Map Oriented” Journal of Education and Learning, Vol. 2, No. 1, March 2017.

R. Rogers, E. Malancharuvil-Berkes, M. Mosley, D. Hui and G. O’Garro Joseph, “Critical Discourse Analysing in Education: A Review of the Literature”, Review of Educational Research, Vol. 75, No. 3, Autumn 2005.

S. Barzilai, “Borders of Language: Kristeva's Critique of Lacan”, PMLA, Vol. 106, No. 2 (Mar., 1991.

S. Esmaeili and A. Arabmofrad, “A Critical Discourse Analysis of Family and Friends Texbooks: Representation of Genderism” International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, Vol. 4, No. 4, July 2015.

S.M. Gilbert and S.Gubar, “Sexual Linguistics: Gender, Language, Sexuality”, New Literary History, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 515-543, Spring, 1985.

S. Khoja-Moolji, “Poststrukturalist Approaches the Teaching about Gender, Islam, and Muslim Societies”, Feminist Teacher, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2014.

T. van Leeuwen, “Critical Discourse Analysis” dalam Jan Renkema (eds), Discourse of Course: An Overview of Research in Discourse Studies (Amsterdam:Jhon Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.465

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

Editor in Chief: jetl@journal.stkipsingkawang.ac.id / Wa: +6282142072788

Coordinator: lp2jistkipsingkawang@gmail.com / journal@stkipsingkawang.ac.id / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools

     

JETL Indexed by:

  

 

  Creative Commons License

Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.