Beyond Good Governance: An Ultimate Key Success for Higher Education Quality

Somariah Fitriani, Hery Muljono


The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of leadership and cultural academic on good governance, which focused on transparency and accountability aspects. The study adopted a quantitative approach by using causal survey method with path analysis technique, which was to test the hypothesis. Thirty-one respondents consisting of lecturers and staff of graduate school of Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA (UHAMKA) were taken as a sample by using Taro Yamane formula. Questionnaire of three variables was distributed to the respondents by employing a Likert scale. For data analysis, the study used SPSS 21 to test data normality, linearity, coefficient correlation, and path coefficient. The research has revealed that: 1) leadership has a direct positive effect on academic culture; 2) leadership has a direct positive impact on good governance; 3) academic culture has a direct positive effect on good governance; and 4) the implementation of good governance is in accordance with its principles, i.e., transparency and accountability which has excellent impact to human resource quality, particularly in term of the increasing number of research and community service. It can be concluded that organization coherence is well created on account of the implementation of good governance principles, which is supported by strong leadership and academic culture. On the other word, strong leadership plays a vital role in effective governance.


accountability; transparency; leadership; academic culture

Full Text:



Achua, C.F & Lussier, R.N. (2010). Effective leadership. Canada: Cengage Learning South-Western.

Arimoto, A. (2011). Japan: Effects of Changing Governance and Management on the Academic Profession. In Changing Governance and Management in Higher Education: The Perspectives of the Academy, Locke et al. (eds). 94-007-1140-2_14

Bass, B. M., and Riggio, R.E. (2006). Transformational leadership, 2nd Edition. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Inc.

Bateman, T.S. & Snell, S.A (2004). Management; The new competitive landscape. 6thedition. The USA: McGraw Hill.

Boss, J. M., & Eckert, S. H. (2006). Academic Scientist at Work, 2nd Edition. New York: Springer.

Clark, B. R. (1980). Academic Culture. Connecticut: Yale University.

Davies, A. (1999). A Strategic approach to corporate governance. England: Gower Publishing Limited.

Gallagher, M. (2001). Modern university governance – a national perspective. Paper presented at the idea of university: Enterprise or academy? Conference organized by the Australia Institute and Manning Clark House, Canberra, 26 July 2011. mod_uni_gov/default.htm.

Graham, J., Amos, B., & Plumptre, T. (2003). Governance principles for protected areas in the 21st century; Prepared for the fifth world parks congress urban, South Africa. Ontario: Institute on Governance, June 30, 2003.

Guthrie, J.W. & Reed, R.J. (1991). Educational administration and policy effective leadership for American education. Second edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Hdiggui, El. M. (2006). Human resource management in the education sector. Paris: UNESCO.

Hénard, F & Mitterle, A. (2007). Governance and quality guidelines in Higher Education: A Review of Governance Arrangements and Quality Assurance Guidelines. Paris: OECD.

Henkel, M & Vabo, A. (2006). Academic identities. In M. Kogan, M. Bauer, I. Bleiklie and M. Henkel (eds) Transforming higher education: A comparative study. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers,127-159.

Kennedy, K.J. (2003). Higher Education governance as a key policy issue in the 21stCentury. Educational Research for the policy and Practice, 2(1), 55-70.

Locke, W., Cummings, W.K, & Fisher, D. (eds). (2011). The Changing Academy-The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective 2. Changing Governance and Management in Higher Education; the Perspectives of the Academy. London, New York: Springer.

Louis, K. S., Leithwood, K., Wahlstrom, K., & Anderson, S. (2010). Investigating the links to improved student learning: Final report of research findings.

Macfarlane, B. (2007). The Academic Citizen: The Virtue of Service in University Life. New York: Routledge.

McCrone, T., Southcott, C. & George, N. (2011). Governance Models in Schools. Slough: NFER.

Morrill, R.L. (2007). Strategic Leadership: Integrating Strategy and Leadership in Colleges and Universities. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Mufi, A.H. (2010). Implementasi Nilai Nilai Good Governance di Perguruan Tinggi: Studi Deksriptif Analitik tentang pengaruh transparansi, akuntabilitas dan responsiveness terhadap budaya akademik dan prakarsa serta dampaknya pada mutu layanan akademik di perguruan tinggi Badan Hukum Milik Negara. Disertasi. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

OECD. (2008). Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society, Vol. 1, Paris: OECD.

Prondzynski, F.R.. (2012). Report of the review of higher education governance in Scotland. Scotland: crown copyright committee of university chairs.

Purwana, D. (2015) The Effect of transformational leadership, academic culture and organizational health on managerial effectiveness: A study of an Indonesian public higher education institution. Review of Integrative, Business & Economics Research, 4(4), 367-380.

Rosser, V. J., & Tabata, L. N. (2010). An examination of faculty work: Conceptual and theoretical frameworks in the literature. In Higher education: Handbook of theory and research (pp. 449-475). Netherlands: Springer.

Sabaghian, Z. (2009). University culture as an investigational frame: At new approaches in higher education. Tehran: Social and Cultural Studies Research center publications.

Salmi, J. (2009). The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Sarmadi, M.R., Nouri, Z., Zandi, B., & Lavasani, M.G. (2017). Academic culture and its role in knowledge management in Higher Education system. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 12(5), 1427-1434.

Shattock, M. (2003). Managing successful universities. New York: Open University Press.

Shen, Xi & Tian, Xianghong. (2012). Academic Culture and Campus Culture of Universities. Higher Education Studies, 2(2), 61-65.

Shibru, S; Bibiso, M; & Ousman, K. (2017). Middle-Level Managers' Quality of Leadership and Good Governance, and Organizational Performance of WolaitaSodo University. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(4), 55-62.

UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report. (2009). Overcoming Inequality: Why Governance Matters. Paris: UNESCO.

Usman, H. (2009). Manajemen: Teori, praktik, dan riset pendidikan. Edisi 3. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara

Valimaa, J. (2006). Analysing the relationship between higher education institutions and working life in a Nordic context. Eds. Paivi Tynjala, Jussy Valimaa & Gillian Boulton-Lewis, Higher Education and Working Life: Collaborations, Confrontations, and Challenges. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.

Zaman, K. (2015). Quality guidelines for good governance in higher education across the globe. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(1), 1-7.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching, and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Editor in Chief Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Publisher Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools


JETL Indexed by:



  Creative Commons License

JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching, and Learning) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.