Ratu Wardarita


The objective of this research is to find out the difference between instructional approaches and verbal reasoning on students’ scientific writing ability. It was conducted at  Indonesian Language  Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of PGRI Palembang. This research employed the experimental method using 2x2 factorial Anova test, with 43 students chosen randomly through multi-stage sampling technique. The results of this research indicate that: (1) the group of students taught with the contextual teaching and learning (CTL) approach has better than taught with the conventional one; (2) the group of high-level verbal reasoning students taught with CTL approach has better than taught with the conventional one; (3) the group of low-level verbal reasoning students taught with the CTL approach has lower than taught with the conventional one; (4) there is an interaction effect between instructional approach and the level of verbal reasoning on students’ scientific writing ability.


CTL approach, Conventional approach, Scientific writing ability, Verbal reasoning

Full Text:



Bushing, BA & Lunsteen, SW. (1983). Curriculum Models for Integrating the Language Arts. Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English.

Copi, IM. (1978). Introduction to Logic (5th ed.). New York:

McMillan Publishing Co.Inc.

D’Angelo, FJ. (1980). Process and Thought in Composition.

Cambridge: Winthrop Publishers Inc.

Depdiknas. (2002). Pendekatan Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning). Jakarta: Depdiknas, Dirjen Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah, Direktorat Pendidikan Lanjutan Pertama.

Fogarty, R. (1991). The Mindful School: How to Integrate the Curricula. New York: IRI/Skylight Publishing Inc.

Gagne, RM & Leslie, JB. (1997). Principles of Instructional Design. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Hairston, M. (1986). Contemporary Composition, Short Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company

Hamalik, O. (2005). Kurikulum dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Heaton, JB. (1998). Writing English Language Tests. New York: Longman Inc.

Ihsan, D. (2003). "Penggunaan Kaidah Bahasa dalam Sebuah Karya Tulis Ilmiah". Lingua Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 5(1):30.

Johnson, EB. (2002). Contextual Teaching and Learning. California: Corwin Press, Inc.

Lado, R. (1964). Language Teaching. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc.

Leahey, TH & Richard, JH. (1997). Learning and Cognition (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Leonard, HS. (1967). Principles of Reasoning: An Introduction to Logic, Methodology, and the Theory of Signs. New York: Dover Publication, Inc.

McCrimmon, JM. (1986). Writing with a Purpose (8th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Nystrand, M. (ed.) 1982. What Writers Know. London: Academic Press, Inc.

Suriasumantri, J. (2005). Filsafat Ilmu: Sebuah Pengantar Populer. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.


White, RV. (1983). Guidelines for Writing Activities A Magazine for Language Teachers. Singapore: Seameo Regional Language Centre.

Wortham, SC. (1996). The Integrated Classroom. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Company.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching, and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Editor in Chief Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Publisher Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools


JETL Indexed by:



  Creative Commons License

JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching, and Learning) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.