A STUDY OF ESSENTIAL BASIC VALUES WHICH SUPPORT SOCIAL HARMONY IN CONFLICT-PRONE AREAS

Aunurrahman Aunurrahman

Abstract


Basically this study intended to find out essential basic values which support social harmony in conflict-prone areas, with a profound study at primary schools in Sambas regency, west Kalimantan. As revealed by a number of data sources, west Kalimantan is one of the areas which is prone to conflict. This is evidenced by the happening of several ethnic conflicts including in Sambas regency so that it is an important policy of the regional government to find a solution in order to prevent similar conflicts from happening again in the future.The profound study at primary schools is deemed highly essential since social harmony values should be instilled among the students at an early age. In addition to that, teachers are knowledgeable about the foundation which creates an attitute of harmony among their students.The method used in this research is a qualitative one, with primary school teachers as the subject of the research. They represent three characteristic areas, namely: the urban area, the suburban area and the remote area of Sambas regency. Primary data collection was carried out through interview and focus group discussion (FGD), with the interactive model proposed by Miles & Huberman as technique of qualitative data analysis. The findings obtained from data collection and analysis revealed that social harmony has an important and profound meaning for society in Sambas regency. Basically there are three pillars of essential basic values which serve as the framework of social harmony, namely: (a) the basic values of mutual respect, (b) the basic values of tolerance and togetherness, and (c) the basic values of freedom and responsibility. Internalization of these basic values happen intensively especially in families through custom formation at households and society in Sambas regency. Meanwhile at schools these basic values are developed and reinforced through more formal custom formation by the teachers and school regulations.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alqadrie, Syarif, I. (2000). Pertikaian Antara Komunitas Madura Kalbar dengan Komunitas Dayak tahun 1996/1997dan Antara Komunitas`Madura sambas dengan Komunitas Melayu Sambas Tahun 1998/1999 di Kalimantan Barat. Kerjasama YIIS Jakarta dengan Fisipol Untan Pontianak.

UNESCO APNIEVE. (2000). Belajar untuk Hidup Bersama dalam damai dan Harmoni. Pendidikan untuk Perdamaian, Hak Asasai Manusia, Demokrasi dan Pembangunan Berkelanjutaan untuk Kawasan Asia Pasific. Buku Sumber UNESCO APNIEVE untuk Pendidikan Guru dan Jenjang Pendidikan Tinggi. UNESCO.

Mulyo, Karso. 2009. Membangun Karakter Bangsa Melalui Pembelajaran Kontekstual. Tersedia, Online: http//www.karakter.sch.id.

Panjaitan, Ade, J. 2008. Keluarga Kunci Pembentukan Karakter. Tersedia, online: http://www.investorindonesia.com.

Tilaar, H.A.R. (1999). Pendidikan, Kebudayaan dan Masyarakat Madani Indonesia. Strategi Reformasi Pendidikan Nasional. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya Bandung.

Bochori, Mochtar. 2010. Krisis Moral dan Masalah Karakter. Kompas 9 Pebruari 2010.

Nurokhim, Bambang. 2000. Membangun Karakter dan Watak Bangsa

Melalui Pendidikan Mutlak Diperlukan. Tersedia, Online: http://www.tnial.mil.id.

Megawangi, Ratna. 2006. Perbaiki Moral Bangsa Lewat Sekolah Karakter. Tersedia, online: http://.blogspot.com.

Syakrani, M.S. 2004. Modul Pendidikan Karakter Bangsa: Kelompok Sasaran Orang Tua, Anak-anak, dan Remaja. Jakarta: Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Parawisata.

Coles, Robert. 2000. Menumbuhkan Kecerdasan Moral Pada Anak. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Micklethwaith, J, Wooldridge, A. 2000. A Future Perpect, The Challenge and Hidden Promise of Globalization. New York: Crown Publisher.

McMillan J.H., Schumacher S. (2001). Research and Education, Fifth Edition A Coceptual Introduction. United Stated: Addision Wesley Longman, Inc.

Milles, M.B., dan Huberman, M.A. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia (UI-Press).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v1i1.26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

Editor in Chief: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Coordinator: [email protected] / [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools

     

JETL Indexed by:

  

 

  Creative Commons License

Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.