Exploring Indirect Aspects in Motivation and Academic Achievement During The Pandemic

Ade Nurhopipah, Ida Nuraida, Jali Suhaman


Online learning methodologies are the most influential factor in educational success. However, it cannot be denied that there are non-technical aspects that indirectly affect students' motivation and academic achievement after the Covid-19 pandemic occurred. This study involves paired t-tests, regression tests, and partial t-tests to analyze the factors that can indirectly shape student motivation and academic achievement in Indonesia's higher schools. The factors studied were related to economic condition, health, habits, and social interaction. The result shows significant changes in learning motivation, economic and health conditions, student interactions with friends and lecturers, student involvement in student activity units and religious activities, use of social media, and time spent reading. The Grade Point Accumulative (GPA) before the pandemic was influenced by learning motivation. However, during the pandemic, the GPA was not significantly affected by learning motivation. Before the pandemic, family engagement and student involvement in religious activities significantly influence the GPA. Meanwhile, the factors that influence learning motivation during the pandemic are student involvement in social activities, interaction with lecturers, health conditions, and time spent reading.


GPA; Motivation learning; The Covid-19 Pandemic

Full Text:



Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “ Merdeka Belajar .” 1(1), 38–49. Retrieved from https://scie-journal.com/index.php/SiPoSE/article/view/9/5

Ariani, D. wahyu. (2017). Do social relationship affects motivation? Advances in Management & Applied Economics, 7(3), 1792–7552. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318946151

Arlinwibowo, J., Retnawati, H., Kartowagiran, B., & Kassymova, G. K. (2020). Distance Learning Policy In Indonesia for Facing Pandemic Covid-19 : School Reaction and Lesson Plans. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(14). Retrieved from http://www.jatit.org/volumes/Vol98No14/13Vol98No14.pdf

Balan, S., Katenga, J. E., & Simon, A. (2019). Reading Habits and their Influence on Academic Achievement among Students at Asia Pacific International University. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 1469–1495. https://doi.org/10.35974/isc.v7i1.928

Edraki, M., Parvizi, N., Montaseri, S., & Pourahmad, S. (2016). The Relationship Between Academic Motivation and General Health and the Effective Factors on This Relationship in Female High School Students. International Journal of School Health, 4(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.17795/intjsh-39712

Febrianto, P. T., Mas’udah, S., & Megasari, L. A. (2020). Implementation of Online Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic on Madura Island , Indonesia. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(8), 233–254. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.19.8.13

Gonzalez, T., Rubia, M. A. De, Hincz, K. P., Subirats, L., Fort, S., & Sacha, G. M. (2020). Influence of COVID-19 confinement on students ’ performance in higher education. PLOS ONE, 15(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239490

Hendri, H., Mulyani, S. R., & Salim, E. (2020). The Effect of Achievement Motivation, How To Learn, and the Economic Conditions of Parents on Gpa of Computer Science Student. Education, Sustainability And Society, 3(1), 20–26. https://doi.org/10.26480/ess.01.2020.20.26

Jawad, Y. A. L. A., & Shalash, B. (2020). The Impact of E-Learning Strategy on Students ’ Academic Achievement Case The Impact of E-Learning Strategy on Students ’ Academic Achievement Case Study : Al- Quds Open University. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v9n6p44

Mahdy, M. A. A. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Academic Performance of Veterinary Medical Students. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7(October). https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.594261

Mishra, L., Gupta, T., & Shree, A. (2020). International Journal of Educational Research Open Online teaching-learning in higher education during lockdown period of COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 1(August), 100012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100012

Murphy, M. P. A. (2020). COVID-19 and emergency eLearning : Consequences of the securitization of higher education for post-pandemic pedagogy COVID-19 and emergency eLearning : Consequences. Contemporary Security Policy, 41(3), 492–505. https://doi.org/10.1080/13523260.2020.1761749

Muslimin, A. I., & Harintama, F. (2020). Online Learning during Pandemic : Students ’ Motivation , Challenges , and Alternatives. Loquen:English Studies Journal, 60–68. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.32678/loquen.v13i02

Nurhopipah, A. (2019). Visualisasi Pengaruh Antar Variabel TPB Melalui Graf Berdasarkan Regresi Bertahap. CITISEE, 243–248. Retrieved from https://citisee.amikompurwokerto.ac.id/assets/proceedings/paper/46_Ade_Nurhopipah_CITISEE_2019.pdf

Panisoara, I. O., Lazar, I., Panisoara, G., & Chirca, R. (2020). Motivation and Continuance Intention towards Online Instruction among Teachers during the COVID-19 Pandemic : The Mediating E ff ect of Burnout and Technostress Technostress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218002

Patricia Aguilera-Hermida, A. (2020). College students’ use and acceptance of emergency online learning due to COVID-19. International Journal of Educational Research Open. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100011

Rahardjo, A., & Supratmi Pertiwi. (2020). Learning Motivation and Students ’ Achievement in Learning English : A Case Study at Secondary School Students in the Covid-19 Pandemic Situation. 1(2), 56–64.

Suryaman, M., Cahyono, Y., Muliansyah, D., Bustani, O., Suryani, P., Fahlevi, M., … Harimurti, S. M. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and home online learning system: Does it affect the quality of pharmacy school learning? Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(8), 524–530. https://doi.org/10.31838/srp.2020.8.74

Tedja, J. N. (2020). The Implementation of Distance Learning Policy During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Indonesian Journal of Digital Society, 1(2), 18–28. Retrieved from http://journal.unas.ac.id/sosiologi-ijds/article/view/903/pdf 2

Valverde-Berrocoso, J., María del Carmen Garrido-Arroyo, Burgos-Videla, C., & Morales-Cevallos, M. B. (2020). Trends in Educational Research about e-Learning : A Systematic Literature Review ( 2009 – 2018 ). Sustainability, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125153

Zhu, X., & Liu, J. (2020). Education in and After Covid-19 : Immediate Responses and Long-Term Visions. Postdigital Science and Education (2020), 2, 695–699. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00126-3

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v6i2.2590


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

JETL (Journal of  Education, Teaching, and Learning)

e-ISSN : 2477-8478

p-ISSN : 2477-5924

Editor in Chief Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Publisher Contact: [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools


JETL Indexed by:



  Creative Commons License

JETL (Journal of Education, Teaching, and Learning) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.