Imperative Speech in Learning Process at TK Badak Mekar, Muara Badak, Kutai Kartanegara: A Pragmatic Analysis

Yusak Hudiyono, Suhana Suhana


This study aims to describe the speech of kindergarten teachers Badak Mekar, Muara Badak, Kutai Kartanegara covering (1) imperative form, (2) imperative politeness. Data analysis used conversational analysis with pragmatic analysis technique. The validity of the data is obtained through observational persistence and triangulation is done during the teaching process. Data collection is done by tapping technique (participant observation), recording techniques, and collect as many as 124 imperative speeches. The results of the first study (1), the imperative form in the speech of the kindergarten of the Badak Mekar kindergarten include (a) the most commonly found structural form is the non-transitive active and passive imperative and (b) the most commonly found pragmatic form is the imperative form (command construction). (2) Secondly, the imperative courtesy of the teacher's speech includes (a) the most commonly found linguistic politeness is a gentle word, a low tone of speech, and polite kinesics gestures, and (b) the most common pragmatic pronunciation is maxima consensus and there is also a combination of two to three maxims. Pragmatic pronunciation based on the most commonly found speech constructions is declarative and interrogative construction. 


imperative speech; learning process; pragmatic analysis

Full Text:



Akhadiah, Sabarti et al. (1997). Language Writing Capability Development. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Alwi, Hasan. (2003). Grammar of Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Alwi, Hasan . 2011). Bahasa Indonesia: Pemakai dan Pemakainya. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Chaer and Agustina, (2004). Sociology of Introduction. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Ellis, Rod. (1995). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kartomihardjo, Soeseno. (1988). Language of Mirror of Community Life. Jakarta: Depdikbud.

Leech, Geoffrey. (2011). Pragmatic Principles (named M. D. D. Oka). Jakarta: University of Indonesia Press.

Mahsun, (2005). Language Methods, Strategic Stages, Methods, and Techniques. Jakarta: PT Radja Grafindo Persada.

Miles. M. B. and Huberman. A. M. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis. Translation Tjetjep Rohendi. 1992. Jakarta: University of Indonesia (UI) Press.

Moeliono, Anton. (1992). Grammar of Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Nababan. PNJ. (1987). Pragmatic Knowledge (Theory and Its Application). Jakarta: PPLPTK.

Nadar, F.X. (2009). Pragmatic & Pragmatic. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Rahardi, Kunjana. (2008). Pragmatic, Imperative Approach of Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Soeparno. (2002). General Linguistic Basics. Yogyakarta: PT Tiara Wacana Yogya.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Methods and Various Language Analysis Techniques, Introduction to Linguistic Culture Vehicles. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Sudaryat, Yayat. (2009). Meaning in Discourse of Semantic and Pragmatic Principles. Bandung: Yrama



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals

STKIP Singkawang

Address : STKIP Singkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram, Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584


e-ISSN : 2597-9787

p-ISSN : 2597-9779

Editor in Chief Contact: [email protected] / [email protected] / Wa : +6285245145680

Publisher Contact: [email protected] / [email protected] / Wa: +6282142072788

Management Tools


Cakrawala Linguista is Indexed By


  Creative Commons License

CAKRAWALA LINGUISTA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.