Disaster Relief as Indonesia Soft Power Diplomacy Case of Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu

Vrameswari Omega Wati, Deffi Ayu Puspito Sari, Sobar Sutisna

Abstract


Natural disasters are part of non-traditional threats that must be faced by the countries in the world. To handle this issue, the international community should improve their relations through cooperation. On March 14, 2015, Vanuatu, suffered Cyclone Pam which resulted in casualties and damage in the region. On behalf of humanity, Indonesia, as a country with great attention to disaster and who has the same of Melanesia brotherhood provide disaster relief to Vanuatu. The method used is qualitative. This paper attempts to answer how the process of providing disaster relief by Indonesia to Vanuatu and how disaster relief can be seen as a form of Indonesia’s soft power diplomacy to Vanuatu. Data was obtained through in-depth interviews and literature study. The results showed the process of disaster relief is carried out in accordance with the three stages in the Emergency Decision Making Process which are assessing the situation and needs; determining goal and assistance; and implementing of response plans. Disaster relief is also a kind of Indonesia soft power diplomacy to Vanuatu to show a sense of humanity, to enhance friendship, and to maintain the integrity of the Republic of Indonesia sovereignty. After the disaster relief given by Indonesia government, relations between Indonesia and Vanuatu are starting to show shades of improvement. Cyclone Pam that happened in Vanuatu can be seen as a catalyst to improve the chances of good relations between Indonesia and Vanuatu and building cooperation in disaster management.

Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (2011, November 18). Retrieved Desember 20, 2014, from http://www.unisdr.org/archive/23632.

Bandoro, B. (2014). Indonesia Dalam Lingkungan Strategis yang Berubah. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

BNPB. (2015, April 4). Retrieved Mei 13, 2015, from http://www.bnpb.go.id/berita/2419/misi-kemanusiaan-indonesia-untuk-vanuatu.

BNPB. (2015). Laporan Penugasan Operasi Kemanusiaan Tanggap Darurat Bencana Taufan Pam di Republik Vanuatu 4-10 April 2015. Jakarta: BNPB.

Chong, A. (2007). Foreign Policy in Global Information Space: Actualizing Soft Power. London: Palgrave McMillan.

Coppola, D. P. (2007). Introduction to International Disaster Management. Oxford: Elsevier.

Creswell, J. (1998). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Dokumen Resmi Joint Communique Kemlu RI. (2004). Joint Communique On The Occasion of The Visit of The Foreign Minister of The Republic of Vanuatu, The Hon. Moana Carcasses Kalosil to Indonesia. Jakarta: Kemlu RI.

Farissi, D. B. (4 September 2015). Interview.

Frankel, J. (1971). The Intellectual Framework of British Foreign Policy. In K. K. Morgan, Britain and West Germany: Changing Societies and the Future of Foreign Policy (pp. 81-103). London: Oxford University Press.

Hutabarat, G. E. (2013). Penerapan Soft Power Indonesia dalam Penanggulangan Bencana di Myanmar Studi Kasus Penanganan Bencana Alam Siklon Nargis. Jakarta: Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2000). Disaster Emergency Needs Assessment. Geneva: IFRC.

Jakarta Globe. (2015). Retrieved Januari 5, 2016, from http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/vanuatu-to-open-embassy-in-jakarta/

Joseph S. Nye, J. (2004). Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.

Karns, M. P., & Mingst, K. A. (2010). International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance Second Ed. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Kelman, I. (2012). Disaster Diplomacy: How Disaster Affect Peace and Conflict. Abingdon: Routledge.

Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia. (2010, Maret 14). Soft Power Memperkuat Formula Diplomasi. Tabloid Diplomasi, p. 4.

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2015). Background Information Hubungan Bilateral Republik Indonesia-Vanuatu. Jakarta: Kemlu RI.

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2015, Februari 14). Hubungan Ekonomi Indonesia-Vanuatu Penting dan Strategis. Tabloid Diplomasi, pp. 16-17.

Keohane, R. O., & Nye, J. (2012). Power and Interdependence. Boston: Longman.

Kissinger, H. (1994). Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Kompas. (2015). Perkuat Kerja Sama Bilateral: RI Minta Dukungan untuk Menjadi Anggota DK PBB. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Maarif, S. (2012). Pikiran dan Gagasan Penanggulangan Bencana di Indonesia. Jakarta: BNPB.

Maarif, S. (2013). Penanggulangan Bencana Sebagai Diplomasi Soft Power Indonesia. In J. C. (Editor), Isu Bencana dalam Hubungan Internasional. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

New World Encyclopedia. (2013, November 10). Retrieved April 16, 2015, from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Disaster_relief.

Pemerintah Vanuatu. (2014). Delivering on and implementing a Transformative Post-2015 Pidato Resmi Joe Natuman dalam Sidang Majelis Umum PBB ke 64. New York: Republik Vanuatu.

Pemerintah Vanuatu. (4 Maret 2014). Pidato Resmi Moana Carcasses pada Sidang Dewan HAM PBB di Jenewa.

Perwita, A. A., & Yani, Y. M. (2005). Pengantar Ilmu Hubungan Internasional. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Relations, E. i.-V. (28 September 2015). Interview.

RI, P. P. (2013). Kebijakan Luar Negeri Indonesia di Kawasan Pasifik Selatan: Menimbang Etnis Melanesia dalam Diplomasi Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Kebijakan Kemlu RI.

Sinai, M. (1990). Co-operation: the CMEA Experience. In A. Groom, & P. Taylor, Frameworks for International Co-operation . London: Pinter.

The Jakarta Post. (2015, Oktober 30). Retrieved Februari 26, 2016, from http://www.thejakartapost.com/adv/2015/10/30/in-joy-and-sorrow-vanuatu-our-friend.html

UN OCHA. (2015). Flash Appeal Emergency Response Plan for Vanuatu tropical Cyclone Pam March-June 2015. Bangkok: UN OCHA.

UN OCHA. (2015). Situation Report Vanuatu: Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam. Bangkok: OCHA Regional Office for the Pacific.

United States Legal. (2015). Retrieved April 16, 2015, from http://definitions.uslegal.com/d/disaster-relief%20/.

Young, J. W. (2008). Twentieth- Century Diplomacy: A Case Study British Practice 1963-1976. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/ij-mds.v1i1.421

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY

 

 

Published by:

Institute of Managing and Publishing of Scientific Journals STKIP Singkawang

International Journal of Multi Disipline Science (IJ-MDS)

e-ISSN : 2615-1707

Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) SIngkawang

Address : STKIP SIngkawang, Jalan STKIP - Kelurahan Naram Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat, INDONESIA, 79251
No. Telp.   : +62562 420 0344
No. Fax.    : +62562 420 0584

Email Cordinator: [email protected] / [email protected] /Wa : +6282142072788

Plagiarism Tools

     

  Creative Commons License

International Journal of Multi Disipline Science (IJ-MDS)is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.